Hi Friends! Perad is a well known Goan delicacy that serves as a dessert.The cool season is a time when guava trees are bountifully laden with fruit.
History: Probably considering the problem of scurvy among the trans-oceanic sailors caused by a deficiency in vitamin C, the Portuguese might have accidentally discovered curative properties in the guava. The fruit of Psidium is called Goiaba’ in Portuguese, while the elongated variety is are known as Per’. Guava is considered to be the poor man’s apple. It is loaded with vitamin C, fiber, omega 3 fatty acids, carotenoids and polyphenols which help fight cancer. It is a rich source of pectin and helps in the digestion of food besides lowering cholesterol. The fruit has laxative properties and used in the cure of scurvy. It is, however, low in calories.
Goan folk also believe that guavas should not be eaten at night. Guava pieces are generally included in Shirni by the Muslims, which is served during the talil ka khana, jyarat, Quran khane and dalej par karma. Hindus generally include guava pieces in the prasad done during Ganesh Chaturthi, satyanarayan pooja and aartis.
Preparation time: 15 minutes
Cuisine: India, Goa
- 4 cups Guava pulp,6-8 large Guavas
- 2 cups water
- 3 cups sugar
- 2 tbsp Butter/ clarified butter ( optional )
1 level teaspoon Citric acid
Wash Guavas well, peel if any patches on the guavas. Slice the guavas through the center into four pieces so that it becomes easier to remove the seeds from the center of the fruit.
Keep aside the seeds in a bowl. Cut the Guava slices in a bowl into small cubes.
In a pan take the Guava pieces, just cover the pieces with water. Place the pan on high flame, bring the water Guava mix to a boil. Reduce the heat , cook for 15 minutes. Switch off the stove. Cool the cooked Guavas.
Put the cooked Guavas in a blender to get the Guava puree. Once Puree is ready pour it out into a sieve or a muslin cloth to filter out all the remaining seed and keep aside.
Take the seeds removed earlier from the core of Guavas, blend just for a few seconds in the blender with little water and then strain it too, discard the seeds.
Put the pureed pulp in a heavy bottom pan, bring the pulp to boil.Cook on slow fire, add the powdered sugar , stirring continuously. The colour begins to change . Add the juice of the sour lime now and keep stirring. Once it starts thickening add dash of butter/ ghee (clarified butter) this would help in giving a nice shine and glaze to guava cheese.
When the Pulp starts leaving the sides of the pan, it is ready. (check this by a simple test put one drop of this mixture in water,if it solidifies the mixture is ready).
Switch off the stove, pour this hot mixture over a flat greased dish,with the help of spatula make the surface smooth and even. Let it cool to room temperature and cut it into desired pieces
Serve the Guava cheess/ Perad garnished with slivered almonds .
- Alternatively the guavas can be Pressure cooked with two tea cups of water. Place the cooker on high flame, when full pressure is formed switch of the stove. Let the pressure cooker cool down to room temperature. Open the lid and puree the tender guava by putting in a blender , keep the puree aside.
- Stored into an airtight container it can be good up to a week.
Guava nutrition facts:
Guava is another tropical fruit rich in high-profile nutrients. With its unique flavor, taste, and health-promoting qualities, the fruit easily fits in the new functional foods category, often called “super-fruits.”
It is an evergreen, tropical shrub or low-growing small tree probably originated in the central Americas. Guavas actually thrive in both humid and dry climates and can tolerate brief periods of cold spells, but can survive only a few degrees of frost. Adaptability makes it a favorite commercial crop in some tropical areas.
Botanically, this wonderful fruit belongs within the family of Myrtaceae, in the genus: Psidium. Scientific name: Psidium guajava.
Health benefits of guava fruit
- Guava is low in calories and fats but contain several vital vitamins, minerals, and antioxidant poly-phenolic and flavonoid compounds that play a pivotal role in prevention of cancers, anti-aging, etc.
- The fruit is very rich source of soluble dietary fiber (5.4 g per 100 g of fruit, about 14% of DRA), which makes it a good bulk laxative. The fiber content helps protect the colon mucous membrane by decreasing exposure time to toxins as well as binding to cancer-causing chemicals in the colon.
- Guava-fruit is an excellent source of antioxidant vitamin-C. 100 g fresh fruit provides 228 mg of this vitamin, more than three times the DRI (daily-recommended intake). The flesh just underneath its outer thick rind contains exceptionally higher levels of vitamin C than its inner creamy pulp.
- Scientific studies shown that regular consumption of fruits rich in vitamin C helps human body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge cancer causing harmful free radicals from the body. Further, it is required for collagen synthesis within the body. Collagen is the main structural protein in the human body required for maintaining integrity of blood vessels, skin, organs, and bones.
- The fruit is a very good source of Vitamin-A, and flavonoids like beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein and cryptoxanthin. The compounds are known to have antioxidant properties and therefore essential for optimum health. Further, vitamin-A is also required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin. Consumption of natural fruits rich in carotene is known to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.
- 100 g of pink guava fruit provides 5204 µg of lycopene, nearly twice the amount than in tomatoes. (100 g tomato contains 2573 µg of lycopene). Studies suggest that lycopene in pink guavas prevents skin damage from UV rays and offers protection from prostate cancer.
- Fresh fruit is a very rich source of potassium. It contains more potassium than other fruits like banana weight per weight. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure.
- Further, the fruit is also a moderate source of B-complex vitamins such as pantothenic acid, niacin, vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin E and K, as well as minerals like magnesium, copper, and manganese. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Copper is required for the production of red blood cells.
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