Ajwain Poori

Ajwain Poori 1.JPG

Ajwain Poori/fried Indian bread

Hi friends! Puri (also spelled poori) is an unleavened deep-fried Indian bread, commonly consumed on the Indian subcontinent. It is eaten for breakfast or as a snack or light meal. It is usually served with a curry or bhaji, as in Puri bhaji. Puris are perhaps one of the most well-known and delicious breads of Indian cuisine.

Preparation Time: 10 minutes
Cooking Time: 20 minutes
Cuisine: Indian

Category: Bread, fried Indian bread

Course: Breakfast

Makes 15 -20 puris

Ingredients:

  • 250 gms whole wheat flour / atta
  • 2 tbsp Cooking oil
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 1 tsp Ajwain/ carom seeds
  • 1 cup water
  • oil for deep-frying

Method :

Step 1.

In a bowl, mix together whole wheat flour, cooking oil, Ajwain/ carom seeds   and salt, using fingers, till it resembles bread crumbs.

 Step 2.

Slowly add about a cup of water, just enough to form a firm/ stiff dough and knead till smooth. keep aside for 10 to 15 minutes.

Step 3.

Divide the dough into small lemon size equal portions, and roll out into 3″ rounds on an oiled board.

Step 4.

 Heat the oil for deep frying, in a wok or kadhai, fry the puri one at a time, holding them under the oil on the first side until they puff. Turn and deep-fry the puris till they turn light golden brown in colour from both the sides.

Step 5.

Drain on absorbent paper kitchen towel lined plate, so that puris are dry without excessive oil.

Step 6.

Serve hot and crisp puris with a hot side-dish or just Raitas and pickle; it’ll be a winner all the way!

Note:

Add a little salt to the oil to keep it from smoking.Always add the puri to the oil as soon as they’re made. Rolled and kept puris, tend to become a little dry and sometimes do not puff up properly.

It can be served as a snack or a meal depending on the accompanying items. However, it is important to know the right way of making puris, so that they come out nice and fluffy and without too much oil.

Health benefits of Ajwain:

  • Ajwain seeds contain health benefiting essential oils such as thymol, a monopterone derivative class of chemical compound which gives aromatic fragrances to seeds. Besides, they also compose of small amounts of other phytochemicals such as pinene, cymene, limonene, and terpinene.
  • The active principles in the ajwain may help increase the digestive function of the intestinal tract through facilitating the release of gut juices (gastro-intestinal secretions).
  • Thymol, the essential oil obtained from ajwain has local anesthetic, antibacterial, and antifungal properties.
  • Likewise in caraway, ajowan seeds too are rich source of fiber, minerals, vitamins, and anti-oxidants

Ref.http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/ajwain.html

Selection and storage:

Ajwain is readily available in the spice stores specializing in Indian or Middle-Eastern spice ingredients. In general, whole ajwain seeds displayed for sale alongside with other spices such as dill, cumin, coriander, caraway, etc. Buy fresh, wholesome, compact seeds emanating pleasant thyme-like flavor when rubbed between fingers.

Once at home, store the seeds in an airtight container and place in a cool dark place away from sunlight and humidity. Ajowan seeds should be used as early as possible since they lose flavor rather quickly, largely because of evaporation of essential oils.

Nick’s kitchen medical Disclaimer:

  • Nick’s kitchen is for Vegetarians. It sometimes provides education and support to individuals who want to become vegetarian, or move toward a more vegetarian diet.
  • Nick’s kitchen provides some information on vegetarian and vegan diets to the best of their knowledge and abilities.
  • Nick’s kitchen does not claim to be health care professional, nutritionist, nor does it claims to treat any illness through vegan or vegetarian diet.
  • If you have a medical condition,Nick’s kitchen recommend that you consult your health care professionals before changing your diet.
  • Any changes that you make to your diet, and the results of those changes, are your decision and your responsibility.

 

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Gram Flour/Besan Uttpam

Besan Dosa with cheese 1

Gram Flour / Besan Uttapam

Gram flour, also known as garbanzo bean flour, chickpea flour, or besan, is a pulse flour made from ground chickpeas. Used in many countries, it is a staple ingredient in Indian, Pakistani, Nepali and Bangladeshi cuisines.

Hi friends! Gram Flour / Besan Uttapam is a tasty dish for breakfast or as a snack. This recipe is easy and quick to prepare and can be served with coriander / cilantro chutney. It is a favorite dish of the family for breakfast, folded with cheese.

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup gram flour / besan
  • 150 gms fresh cottage cheese / paneer, grated
  • 1/4 cup rice flour
  • 1/4 tsp baking soda
  • 1 level tsp salt
  • 1/2 cup water
  • 1/2 tsp Ajwain / Carom seeds
  • 1/2 tsp red chili powder
  • 2 tsp coriander powder
  • 1 tbsp cilantro / coriander leaves, finely chopped
  • 6 tbsp of oil to cook

Method:

Step 1.

Grate the the cottage cheese/ paneer and keep aside.

Step 2.

In a mixing bowl take Gram Flour / Besan, rice flour , add salt, baking soda, carom seeds, coriander powder, red chili powder slowly add water mix to make a smooth batter. The mix consistency of pancake batter or Dosa batter.

Step 3.

Take  a non-stick pan /tava and place on medium flame. To check the heat level required, test by sprinkling a few drops of water on it. Water should sizzle right away.

Step 4.

Pour about 1 ladle of the batter onto non- stick pan / tava stick and spread evenly with a back of ladle. Starting from the center, with spiral movement spread the batter outward evenly to form a circle about 6″ in diameter.

Step 5.

Immediately after spreading the batter onto non-stick pan /tava , spread evenly two tbsp grated cottage cheese/ paneer, 1 tsp finely chopped cilantro / coriander leaves on the dosa.

Step 6.

When batter starts to dry a little, slowly spread little cooking oil over and around it. After 30 seconds; flip the uttpam using a flat spatula. Press the uttpam lightly all around with the spatula to make the cheese and uttpam cook evenly until crisp and golden brown on both sides.

Step 7.

Repeat the process for the remaining uttpam. Serve uttpam hot with cilantro / dhania / coriander chutney.

Note:

Quick spread of the batter on hot non-stick pan / tava, will make the spreading easier and will give better results.

Health benefits of Besan/ gram flour:

Besan flour, or gram flour, may not sound familiar until you hear its third name: chickpea flour. The characteristic nutty flavor from finely ground chickpeas gives besan flour the ability to create tasty, simple breads that stand on their own with few ingredients. It also stands above wheat flour in protein and folate content.

Basics

Besan flour is naturally higher in protein than wheat-based flours. One-half cup contains 10 grams of protein, compared to 8 grams in whole-grain wheat flour and just 6 grams in white flour. One-half cup of besan flour has 178 calories and 3 grams of total fat. Even though that’s double the fat of whole-wheat flour, 70 percent of the fat in besan flour comes from healthy unsaturated fats that can lower cholesterol. The same portion has 5 grams of fiber.

Vitamins

One-half cup of besan flour has 201 micrograms of folate, compared to 26 micrograms in whole-wheat flour and 182 micrograms in enriched white flour. If you consumed an entire half-cup of besan flour, you’d get 50 percent of the recommended daily intake of folate. This important vitamin is critical for the production of proteins and genetic material. In this role, folate is especially important during periods of rapid growth. When taken before and during pregnancy, it helps prevent birth defects of the brain and spinal cord. The same portion of besan flour is a good source of thiamin and vitamin B-6. Thiamin converts food into energy, while vitamin B-6 is needed for the synthesis of red blood cells and the neurotransmitter serotonin that regulates appetite and mood.

Minerals

Besan flour delivers a boost of iron, magnesium and phosphorus. Well known for its role carrying oxygen, iron also functions as an antioxidant and it’s needed for the production of collagen. Magnesium causes muscles to relax, which helps maintain vascular health and regulates blood pressure. Phosphorus combines with calcium to form the primary compound used to build bones. It also carries lipids through the body and activates enzymes that produce energy. One-half cup of besan flour has 2 milligrams of iron, 76 milligrams of magnesium and 146 milligrams of phosphorus.

Preparation Tips

Besan flour is usually mixed with water, olive oil, yogurt or milk to make a paste that can be any consistency depending on the desired use. The paste is seasoned with any combination of parsley, cumin, coriander, turmeric, red chili, rosemary, onion or garlic. It’s traditionally cooked in a skillet to create a flatbread called socca or fried into fritters. Use a thick besan flour batter to coat and fry vegetables or add small shrimps to a thin batter and fry them into appetizer-like pancakes.

Gluten Free

Besan flour doesn’t contain gluten, so it makes a good substitute for wheat flour in gluten-free diets. Depending on the food you’re making, the bean taste may not create the best result. Try mixing besan flour with white rice flour, making sure that the total amount is the same that’s called for in the recipe. You’ll probably need to adjust the fluids to create the same consistency achieved with wheat flour. If you’re making yeast dough, you’ll need to add about 1 teaspoon of guar or xanthan gum for every 1 cup of flour so that the yeast can rise.

Ref. http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/nutrient-besan-flour-3167.html

Nick’s kitchen medical Disclaimer:

  • Nick’s kitchen is for Vegetarians. It sometimes provides education and support to individuals who want to become vegetarian, or move toward a more vegetarian diet.
  • Nick’s kitchen provides some information on vegetarian and vegan diets to the best of their knowledge and abilities.
  • Nick’s kitchen does not claim to be health care professional, nutritionist, nor does it claims to treat any illness through vegan or vegetarian diet.
  • If you have a medical condition,Nick’s kitchen recommend that you consult your health care professionals before changing your diet.
  • Any changes that you make to your diet, and the results of those changes, are your decision and your responsibility.

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Bhatura

Bhature 1

Bhatura is a variety of Indian bread , popular all over India. This fried bread has a delicious combination with flavored chickpea / chole curry . This recipe has no yeast in its making, instead yogurt and baking powder is used. Serve bhatura with Chole, Bundi Raita which is lightly sprinkled with spices. Chole Bhature is an Indian breakfast dish.

Prep time: 20 minutes

Cook time: 20 minutes

Yield: 10

Ingredients

  • 3 cups Maida / all purpose flour
  • 2 cups Semolina / Sooji
  • 1 cups Curd/yogurt
  • 1 tsp Salt
  • 2 tsp Sugar
  • 1 tsp Baking powder
  • 2 tbsp of Oil for dough making
  • 1 tbsp Oil for coating kneaded dough
  • Water to knead the dough
  • Oil – for deep frying

Method

Step 1.

In a mixing bowl with a sieve, sift the all purpose flour, baking powder.Dissolve salt and sugar in yogurt. To the sifted flour add  semolina and two tablespoons of oil and mix well.

Step 2.

Dissolve salt and sugar in yogurt.Add this  yogurt to the flour. Knead the flour into a soft yet firm dough by gradually adding water to it.

Step 3.

Cover the dough with a wet cloth and keep for an hour.

Step 4.

Make lemon sized 10 small balls from the dough. Grease your palms with a little oil and press each ball flat. Cover and keep to ferment for 15 minutes.

Step 5.

Roll each ball into thick flat round shape (about 5″ to 6″ diameter). It should not be too thick or too thin. Heat oil in a kadai/wok and slide the batura into the hot oil slowly.

Step 6.

Deep fry the bhaturas on medium heat. Using the back of the frying spoon, press in the center of the bhatura and along the edges gently, it will puff up nicely. Flip over and fry the other side till light golden brown.

Step 7.

Drain on absorbent paper kitchen towel. Serve hot with chole/ white Chick peas curry.

 Note:

The oil should be moderately hot before frying the bhatura.