Littis   Chokha 1


Hi friends! Cuisine from Bihar is definitely delicious, mouth-watering. Today’s recipe for you is a dish, baked from wheat flour dough that is stuffed with a mixture of roasted gram flour and spices, called Litti and served with Chokha (roasted and mashed brinjal/ aubergines/ egg plant and potatoes) is a food for all occasions in Bihar. “Litti- Chokha” is a traditional dish of Bihar and Jharkhad. It can be served as an evening snack too. One of the winter delights! It can be prepared round the year but tastes amazing during winter. Easy to make and scrumptious, check out right away!


Cooking Time: 15-20 minutes

Servings: 12

Preparation Time: 15-20 minutes

Category: Main course

Cuisine : India, Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh


For Litti Dough:

  • 2 cups Wheat flour/Atta
  • 1 tsp Onion seeds / Kalonji /Nigella sativa
  • 1 tsp Carom seeds / AjwainKalonji
  • 1 level tsp Salt / or to taste

For Litti Filling/stuffing:

  • 1 cup Sattu
  • 1 flake Garlic, finely chopped
  • 1 tbsp Cilantro /Coriander leaves , finely chopped
  • 1 tsp Ginger finely grated
  • 1 green chili, finely chopped
  • 2 tsp Lemon juice
  • 1/2 tsp Salt / or to taste


to make filling / Stuffing for Litti

Step 1.

In a mixing bowl take Sattu, salt ,chopped garlic, Cilantro /Coriander leaves , green chili, ginger and lemon juice mix all the ingredients. Add required amount of water to make the mixture damp and easy to fill. Keep aside.

to make dough for Litti :

Step 2.

In a mixing bowl take the flour add the Onion seeds / Kalonji /Nigella sativa, carom seeds / Ajwain and salt. Mix the ingredients well and add gradually water to knead the mix in to a soft dough.

Step 3.

Divide the dough into twelve equal portions. Take each portion of dough at a time roll it into a ball between your palms. Press the rounded dough between your palms , so that the dough spread into two inch thick flat and round surface.

Step 4.

Stuff 2 tsp of filling in the center of each flattened portion of the dough, and bring the ages of the flattened dough together to close gently so that filling of the Litti is intact.

Step 5.
When all the Littis are ready , we can either bake in a preheated oven at 180C or roast on wood charcoal.


Step 6.

Take a pressure cooker, grease the cooker with one tablespoon of ghee. Place the pressure cooker on medium high flame . (and remove the whistle from the lid and keep it aside). When the cooker becomes hot, put the Littis or the stuffed round balls of dough one by one in the cooker. Making sure to keep only that many Littis as are in one line or in one layer only and are not on top of each other.

Step 7.

Place the lid on the cooker and close it. Let Littis cook on low flame for 15 -20 minutes. Make sure that you shake the cooker well gently with hands without removing the lid every two -three minutes.  The cooker can be rotated sideways and turned upside down gently ( see that cooker lid is tightly closed). This process will help in cooking the Littis from all the sides properly.

Step 8.

OR Bake/Roast till all sides are golden and light brown spots come on the surface of the litti. In case baking / roasting not possible use Step 6 for equally good results.

Step 7.

When all Littis are cooked, dip in pure ghee or melted butter and serve with Chokha and green chutney of coriander/ cilantro.

Note: In this recipe with step 6,7

  • Littis are cooked with no ghee.
  • Lttis can be cooked faster.
  • No oven required.
  • Multi-grain wheat flour can be used to make healthy and equally delicious litties.
  • Roasted gram flour can be used instead of Sattu.


Cooking Time: 10-15 minutes

Servings: 6

Preparation Time: 10-15 minutes

Category: Main course

Cuisine : India, Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh


  • 1 medium size brinjal/ aubergine /egg plant, roasted ( to provide 1 cup mashed brinjal/ aubergine /egg plant)
  • 3 medium size tomatoes, roasted (to provide 2/3  cup tomato puree )
  • 2 medium size potatoes, boiled and mashed (to provide 1 cup mashed potatoes)
  • 1/2 cup mustard oil
  • 1/2 tsp red chili powder
  • 1/2 tsp turmeric powder
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 2 green chilies, finely chopped
  • 2 tsp lime juice /1 small size lime juice
  • 1 bunch of fresh coriander
  • 1/2 tsp Salt/ or to taste


Step 1.

Take the brinjal/ aubergine /egg plant, coat the entire surface of it with a tsp of mustard oil. Roast the oil coated brinjal , rotate it to cook properly on a medium flame till well cooked from all sides and the skin has charred completely. Switch off the stove and soak the roasted brinjal/ aubergine /egg plant in water. When cool, peel and mash. Keep aside.

Step 2.

Similarly roast the tomatoes on high flame. Peel and puree the charred tomatoes.


On a high flame place a heavy bottom pan / wok / kadahi and put mustard oil in it and heat till mustard oil is smoked out. Reduce the heat to low flame and fry this puree (from step 3)in the oil for 8-10 minutes till the puree is well fried and turns a deep red.
Step 4.

Peel and mash the boiled potatoes , add the mashed potatoes and mashed brinjal/ aubergine /egg plant into the kadai and mix well till well blended.

Step 5.
Into the mixture add the red chili powder, turmeric and salt finely chopped green chilies and cook on a low flame, stirring constantly. Add chopped onions and mix well and switch off the stove.

Step 6.

Serve hot after sprinkling the lime juice, garnish with fresh coriander.

Litti-Chokha is a great health food.

Nick’s kitchen medical Disclaimer:

  • Nick’s kitchen is for Vegetarians. It sometimes provides education and support to individuals who want to become vegetarian, or move toward a more vegetarian diet.
  • Nick’s kitchen provides some information on vegetarian and vegan diets to the best of their knowledge and abilities.
  • Nick’s kitchen does not claim to be health care professional, nutritionist, nor does it claims to treat any illness through vegan or vegetarian diet.
  • If you have a medical condition,Nick’s kitchen recommend that you consult your health care professionals before changing your diet.
  • Any changes that you make to your diet, and the results of those changes, are your decision and your responsibility.

Sarson ka Saag

Sarson ka saag  Makki ki Roti


  • 800 gms fresh Sarson leaves / Mustard leaves
  • 200 gm Palak leaves /Spinach
  • 150 gm Bathua / chenopodium album
  • 150 gm Ghee
  • 3 Green Chilies
  • 1/2 cup Maize flour
  • 100 gm Butter
  • 15 cloves of Garlic, mashed
  • 1 tbsp Ginger, finely grated
  • 2 onions medium size, grated



Wash sarson, bathua, spinach leaves very thoroughly. Finely chop all three greens, and keep aside.

Step 2.

Take a pressure cooker and put the finely chopped sarson, bathua, spinach and add two cups of water, salt, whole green chilies, close the lid and cook it on high flame till full pressure is formed. Once the pressure is formed reduce the flame to low and cook for 20 minutes.

Step 3.

Let the pressure cooker cool to room temperature, open the lid, take out the saag mix and blend it, keep aside.

Step 4.

Add maize flour slowly and mix it with the help of a ladle, cook it well for about 15 minutes.

Step 5.

Take a heavy bottom saucepan and heat pure ghee, add onions sauté till translucent. Add grated ginger, mashed garlic, sauté till slightly pink.

Step 6.

Temper the saag with the fried ginger garlic.Serve hot with makki ki roti, makki ki poori or paratha. Serve with a small cube of white butter on top of the hot saag .

Ingredients for Makki ki roti:

  • 1 cup makki atta/ Maiz flour
  • 1/2 cup wheat flour
  • Hot water for kneading
  • 1 tsp Carom seeds
  • 1 level tsp Salt or / salt to taste
  • Pure ghee for frying

Method for makki ki roti:

Step 1.

Take in a big bowl makki atta/ Maiz flour and wheat flour, add salt and carom seeds.  Knead it well in to a soft dough by adding hot water slowly.

Step 2.

Heat the tava / griddle make ten equal portions from the dough. Make round shape of the dough, flatten it and roll in to 1/4 ” thick discs. Carefully transfer each rolled disc one by one to the tava / griddle.

Step 3.

Add a little ghee so that it does not stick. Cook on medium flame with ghee till golden brown on both sides. Serve hot with hot sarson ka saag and  white butter.

Note: By adding wheat flour it becomes easy to handle the makki ka atta/ Maiz flour for making the roti.


Bathua / Chenopodium album, Sarson / Mustard leaves , Palak / Spinach

Bathua saag  +  Sarsoan saag  + Spinach leaves

Health benefits of Mustard leaves / Sarson Ka Saag:

Mustard greens like spinach are the storehouse of many phytonutrients that have health promotional and disease prevention properties.

Mustards are very low in calories (26 kcal per 100 g raw leaves) and fats, but rich in dietary fiber; recommended in cholesterol controlling and weight reduction programs. However, its dark green leaves contain very good amount of dietary fiber that helps control cholesterol level and also help protect against hemorrhoids, constipation as well as colon cancer diseases.

Fresh mustard greens are an excellent source of several vital anti-oxidants and minerals like vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin E, carotenes as well essential minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, zinc, selenium, and manganese.

The greens are supposed to be one of the highest among leafy vegetables which provide vitamin K. 100 g of fresh leaves contain about 497 mcg or about 500% of daily requirement of vitamin K 1 (phylloquinone). Vitamin K has found to have potential role in bone mass building function by promoting osteo-trophic activity in the bone. It also has established role in Alzheimer’s disease patients by limiting neuronal damage in the brain.

Fresh leaves are also very good source of folic acid. 100 g provide about 187 mcg (about 47% of RDA) of folic acid. This water-soluble vitamin has an important role in DNA synthesis and when given before and early pregnancy help prevent neural tube defects in the baby.

Mustard greens are rich source of anti-oxidants flavonoids, indoles, sulforaphane, carotenes, lutein and zeaxanthin. Indoles, mainly di-indolyl-methane (DIM) and sulforaphane have proven benefits against prostate, breast, colon and ovarian cancers by virtue of their cancer cell growth inhibition, cytotoxic effects on cancer cells.

Fresh mustard leaves are excellent source of vitamin-C. Provides 70 mcg or about 117% of RDA per 100 g. Vitamin-C (ascorbic acid) is a powerful natural anti-oxidant that offers protection against free radical injury and flu-like viral infections.

The leaves are also an excellent source of vitamin-A (provide 10500 IU or 350% of RDA per 100 g). Vitamin A is essential nutrient for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin and is also essential for vision. Consumption of natural fruits rich in flavonoids helps to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.

Regular consumption of mustard greens in the diet is known to prevent arthritis, osteoporosis, iron deficiency anemia and believed to protect from cardiovascular diseases, asthma and colon and prostate cancers.


Health benefits of Bathua/ Chenopodium album:

Many groups in India use bathua medicinally. According to the book, “Indian Medicinal Plants,” bathua acts as a laxative, anthelmintic for hookworms and roundworms, and as a blood purifier.

When prepared as an infusion, it manages hepatic disorders, spleen enlargement, biliousness, burns, and ulcers. The book, “Handbook on Herbs Cultivation and Processing” explains that that the ground plant mixed with alcohol is also applied topically to treat rheumatism and arthritis.

Bathua or Chenopodium album, also called Goosefoot, Lambs’ quarters and All Good is a plant whose leaves are used as a vegetable. Bathua has a lot of health benefits as well. It is very useful for those suffering from kidney stones. Take out the juice from tender leaves and stems by grinding them, Drink 10-15 ml of this mixed with water on empty stomach in the morning and then in the evening also for some days. It helps to break the stones and helps in their removal. Bathua is a brain food, removes urinary infections and promotes urine flow. It is useful for those suffering from arthritis. If there is swelling and pain steam heat some leaves and apply this as a hot poultice on the area. It will reduce swelling and pain. Bathua is also useful for internal swellings of stomach, intestine, liver, uterus etc.
In jaundice mix equal quantities of juice of bathua and giloy (tinosporia cordilolia). Take 25-30 ml of this mixture in the morning and evening for relief from jaundice.
For gout and high uric acid eat bathua vegetable regularly.

Health benefits of Spinach / Palak:

Spinach is an excellent food loaded with tons of nutrients and a low calorie package. Greens like spinach are important for skin and hair, bone health, and provide protein, iron, vitamins and minerals.

As per studies the possible health benefits of consuming spinach include improving blood glucose control in diabetics, lowering the risk of cancer, lowering blood pressure, improving bone health, lowering the risk of developing asthma and more.