Hi friends! India’s cultural diversity is perhaps most authentically reflected in its cuisine. The country’s multi-state population results in a striking compilation of culinary styles. Among the intriguingly-termed dishes that comprise dozens of local menus are vegetable stew and appams from Kerala (a stew of carrots, local green peas,potatoes and spices).
Preparation time: 10 minutes
Cooking time: 30 minutes
Recipe type: Side dish
Cuisine: South India, Kerala
- 1/2 cup carrot, peeled cut into tiny cubed
- 1/2 cup potato, peeled and cubed
- 1/2 cup fresh green peas
- 1 cup onion, thinly sliced
- 12 garlic cloves, mashed into a paste
- 2 tsp ginger, finely grated
- 1 tb-spoon corn flour
- 2 tbsp poppy seeds/ khuskhus
- 12 cashew nuts
- 3 green chilie paste
- 1/4 tsp cinnamon powder/1″ piece of cinnamon
- 3 cloves, powdered
- 1/2 tsp black pepper powder
- 6 green cardamoms, powdered
- 2 cups thin coconut milk or water * check notes for making coconut milk
- 1 cup thick coconut milk
- 2 sprigs of curry leaves/kadi patta
- 1/2 tsp red chili powder
- 3 tbsp coconut oil
- 1 tsp salt or / salt as per taste
In a pressure cooker, add all the chopped vegetables, 1/4 cup water and 1/2 tsp of salt. Switch off the heat as soon as full pressure is formed. Let the cooker cool to room temperature. Open the lid and take out the steamed vegetables in a bowl. Keep the steamed vegetables aside.
In a pan heat coconut oil add the curry leaves, cinnamon powder, clove powder, cardamom powder and black pepper powder, red chili powder fry for few seconds, till fragrant.
Add the onions Sauté till the onions become translucent add ginger, garlic, saute for2-3 minutes.
In a dry grinder take poppy seeds/khuskhus,cashew nuts. Grind to a fine powder. Add this powder to the fried masalas , add the steamed vegetables as well.
In the thin coconut milk or water add corn flour mix well add to the vegetables, cover the pan and cook the vegetables in coconut milk for 2-3 minutes.Add the thick coconut milk. stir well and simmer for just a minute.
Serve kerala vegetable stew hot with appams, neer dosa or boiled rice or Malabar parathas.
Note: Coconut milk can be prepared at home from fresh coconut.
- 3 cups grated fresh coconut
- 4 cups water
Put the grated coconut in the blender jar add 2 cups of water and blend till the coconut is ground well.
Strain in a muslin cloth/ or a fine sieve and collect the extract in a bowl , this is the thick coconut milk.
The coconut residue is put back into the blender with 1 cup of water and blended again.
Strain and collect the second extract from it in another bowl. This is the thin coconut milk .
Put back the coconut residue again in the blender add 1 cup of water and blend again and it will be thinner third extract, thinnest coconut milk .
Strain for the third time and collect the third coconut milk in the bowl . So the fresh coconut milk is ready. Coconut milk can be refrigerated and used.
Nutritional Value of Vegetables
Antioxidants: Did you know that including vegetables in your diet is probably the easiest way to stay healthy, trim and nourished? Since vegetables are low-calorie, nutrient-rich foods, they help you to stay in optimum health over the long term by keeping your weight in check. According to a recent study, plant-based foods contain antioxidants(polyphenols) that may improve blood sugar in people at risk for diabetes and heart disease.
As mentioned earlier, vegetables have abundant levels of antioxidants that prevent the growth of cancerous cells. Dark green vegetables have lots of phenolic flavonoid antioxidants and minerals. These vitamins and minerals are essential for the proper functioning of your body. Deficiencies of these vitamins and minerals can lead to serious deficiencies of your bones, teeth and vital organs. Moreover, antioxidants boost the body’s immunity and keeps from developing infections and diseases. Leafy green vegetables have a bioflavonoid known as ‘Quercetin’. This is responsible for the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of vegetables along with its unique, anticancer properties. Quercetin also effectively cuts down the flow of substances that lead to allergies. This compound plays the role of an inhibitor of mass cell secretion, thereby decreasing the release of interleukin-6. Most of the green, yellow and orange vegetables also have high percentage of calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, vitamin B-complex, vitamin A, vitamin-C, vitamin K, zea-xanthins, α and β carotenes and crypto-xanthins.
Dietary Fiber: Vegetables are great options for consuming dietary fiber. Owing to the high percentage of fiber level in vegetables, your digestive track stays well toned. Vegetables are abundant in soluble as well as insoluble dietary fiber, known as non-starch polysaccharides (NSP). This dietary fiber absorbs the extra water in your colon and thereby retains the moisture content in the fecal matter. This aids in digestion, preventing chronic constipation, hemorrhoids, rectal fissures, and diarrhea. Your digestive system becomes sleeker and its ability to process foods becomes smoother, keeping many ailments away. Eating more fiber-rich foods keep your digestive system clear and healthy, helping you to avoid problems like constipation, bowel irregularity, colon cancer and even polyps. Since they have high fiber, vegetables also tend to make you feel full for longer, and stops unnecessary snacking, so they can help reduce your weight.
Cancer Prevention: Cabbage, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, and broccoli have a high content of indoles and isothiocyanates. These components have protective properties against colon cancer, breast cancer, skin cancer and other types of cancers. Broccoli sprouts have immensely higher sulforaphane than the matured broccolis, which is a cancer-protective substance. Furthermore, as said before, since vegetables are great antioxidants, they also alleviate the chances of fatal diseases like cancer.
Proteins and Amino Acids: If you eat less animal products in your diet, you must ensure that your diet is high in protein-rich vegetables to compensate for the proteins that you are missing. Once you have the correct combination of vegetables in your meals, you will gain ample amount of amino acids that are required to live healthy. Eat plenty of beans and spinach, along with whole grain rice for a balanced meal.
Water Content: Vegetables naturally have high levels of water; this is the reason why they are generally fat free and low in calories. You can rest assured of both your weight and health once you start on a vegetable-rich diet. The more you consume vegetables, the more the water intake that flushes out waste products and toxins from your body.
Minerals: Green leafy vegetables are high in magnesium and a have low glycemic index, thus proving to be helpful for patients with type 2 diabetes. If you eat at least 1 serving of green leafy vegetables each day, it will considerably lower the risks of diabetes. Green vegetables are also rich in iron and calcium, except for Swiss chard and spinach, since they are high in oxalic acid.
Vitamins: In general, vegetables have a high vitamin content. However, vitamin K is usually prevalent in almost all vegetables. The high level of vitamin K in green vegetables makes them an ideal and natural way to prevent bone problems. Vitamin K is necessary for the production of osteocalcin, a protein mandatory for proper bone health. In a survey, the addition of green, leafy vegetables considerably decreased the chances of hip fractures in middle-aged women.
Prevention of Hypetension: Recent research study suggests that Mediterranean diet comprising of food rich in unsaturated fats (found in olive oil and nuts) and nitrite and nitrate (found in leafy green vegetables) may help protect you from hypertension.
Lycopene and Beta Carotene: Green vegetables have high levels of beta-carotene, which improve immune function considerably once it is converted into vitamin A. Tomatoes contain lycopene, which protects your eyes from vision problems. A diet deficient in green vegetables often leads to the possibilities of blindness, and other illnesses in children and adults.
Allyl sulfides: Garlic, onions, chives, leeks and scallions are rich in allyl sulfides that help in lowering high blood pressure and protecting the stomach and digestive tract from fatal diseases like cancer.
Multimorbidity: Recent research suggests that greater consumption of vegetable, whole grain products and fruits may lower the risk of multimorbidity.
Good Health: Eating fruit and vegetables may promote emotional well-being among healthy young adults. Research suggests that good mood may lead to greater preference for healthy foods over indulgent foods.
Nick’s kitchen medical Disclaimer:
- Nick’s kitchen is for Vegetarians. It sometimes provides education and support to individuals who want to become vegetarian, or move toward a more vegetarian diet.
- Nick’s kitchen provides some information on vegetarian and vegan diets to the best of their knowledge and abilities.
- Nick’s kitchen does not claim to be health care professional, nutritionist, nor does it claims to treat any illness through vegan or vegetarian diet.
- If you have a medical condition,Nick’s kitchen recommend that you consult your health care professionals before changing your diet.
- Any changes that you make to your diet, and the results of those changes, are your decision and your responsibility.