Sarson ki bhurji

saron ki Bhurji G   Makki ki roti with bhurjiSarson ki bhurji                                                 Makki ki Roti

Main Name: Mustard Green
Biological Name: Brassica juncea
Names in other Languages: Mostaza (Spanish), Moutarde (French), Sarson ka sag (Hindi), Kadugu ilai (Tamil), Kadugu ila (Malayalam), Ava akulu (Telugu), Rai Ni Bhaji (Gujarati), Sorisa sag (Bengali), Mohari-chi pan (Marathi), Sarson-da-sag (Punjabi), Sarson ka sag (Urdu)

Hi friends! Winter is a very good season to eat seasonal delicacies that are not only finger-licking good, but are also packed with multiple benefits that help you stay warm and strengthens your immunity. Winter chills may sometimes lead to mineral deficiencies in the body which need to be supplemented through proper diet. Comfort food like Mustard Greens/ Sarson ka saag with makki ki roti are well-known for their nutritional properties.

Ingredients:

  • 500 gms Mustard Greens/ Sarson ka saag
  • 18 cloves of Garlic
  • 2 tsp ginger, finely grated
  • 3 Green chillis, finely chopped
  • 2 tsp corn flour / makki ka aata
  • 3 tbsp curd / yogurt/ Dahi
  • 1/4 tsp hing / asafetida
  • 1tsp Cumin seeds/jeera, finely powdered
  • 1/2 tsp Turmeric powder
  • 2 tsp Coriander powder
  • 2/3 tsp Salt / or as per taste
  • 3 to 4 tbsp mustard Oil

Method:

Step 1.
Take Mustard Greens/ Sarson ka saag leaves, wash them and finely chop them and keep aside.

Step 2.

Now in a blender take garlic cloves, one green chili and grind them into a fine paste.

Step 3.

In a wok / kadahi/ pan, take mustard oil when oil smokes reduce the flame, put hing / asafetida, add garlic chili paste, cumin seeds powder, coriander powder, salt and turmeric powder. Fry this on medium flame for 3-4 minutes.

Step 4.

Add finely chopped Mustard Greens/ Sarson ka saag leaves to it and cook covered on medium/low flame till it is well blended and cooked.

Step 5.

Mix 3 tbsp curd / yogurt/ Dahi with 2 tsp of corn flour. Add it to the bhurji and mix well.

Step 6.

Cover the lid and cook for 4-5 minutes more. Serve hot with Makki ki roti.

How many calories in mustard greens (per 100 gm):

Mustard greens have about 20 calories per 100 gm of weight.

How to Buy Mustard Greens/ Sarson ka saag:

  •  Always try to purchase green colored mustard greens instead of opting for the red or purple colored leaves.
  • Make sure that the mustard greens you have purchased are fresh and crisp.
  • The green color of mustard greens should be lively. Avoid buying mustard leaves which have yellow or brown spots on the surface.

Mustard Green Storage Tips:

  • Do not store freshly purchased mustard greens for more than 3 or 4 days in the refrigerator.
  • Keep your mustard greens inside a plastic bag before placing it in the refrigerator. Make sure that all the air from the plastic bag has been removed before storing the mustard greens.

Health Benefits of Mustard Greens/ Sarson ka sag :

  1. Mustard green is known for its detoxification qualities. The sulfur-containing nutrients, phytonutrients and glucosinolates, present in mustard greens help to activate the detoxification enzymes in the human body and also regulate their activities. The detox support is directly related to the risk of acquiring cancers of the bladder, breast, colon, lung, prostate and ovarian. No detoxification in our bodies means that cells will eventually become cancerous.
  2. Mustard green is also one of the best known antioxidants available in the market. The antioxidant support given by mustard green helps in reducing the risk of oxidative stress in the body cells.
  3. Mustard green is also known for its anti-inflammatory benefits which help in building the messaging molecules in the body.
  4. The anti-inflammatory qualities of mustard greens assist in the prevention of several cardiovascular diseases, like heart attacks, ischemic heart diseases, and atherosclerosis.
  5. Regular consumption of mustard greens is beneficial for lowering the amount of cholesterol in the human blood; thus, leading to a healthy heart. Consuming steamed mustard leaves increases the rate of cholesterol lowering ability, thereby preventing unwanted inflammation that can otherwise cause problems for blood vessels and blood circulation, leading heart attack and ischemic heart disease.
  6. With many vitamins and minerals present in mustard greens, they promote proper functioning of the immune system and other bodily processes, regulate digestive processes, develop bones and other ligaments connecting the bones, and monitoring the bowels and digestive tract.
  7. The presence of vitamin E in mustard greens in significant amounts is excellent for taking care of skin and hair by giving you healthy skin and lustrous, strong hair.
  8. Mustard greens have considerable value in treating a number of disorders, like gout, sciatica, menopause symptoms, neuralgia, asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, bruises, tendonitis, flu, common cold, eruptive sores and boils.

Ref. http://www.foodofy.com/mustard-green-nutrition-facts.html

Nick’s kitchen medical Disclaimer:

  • Nick’s kitchen is for Vegetarians. It sometimes provides education and support to individuals who want to become vegetarian, or move toward a more vegetarian diet.
  • Nick’s kitchen provides some information on vegetarian and vegan diets to the best of their knowledge and abilities.
  • Nick’s kitchen does not claim to be health care professional, nutritionist, nor does it claims to treat any illness through vegan or vegetarian diet.
  • If you have a medical condition,Nick’s kitchen recommend that you consult your health care professionals before changing your diet.
  • Any changes that you make to your diet, and the results of those changes, are your decision and your responsibility.

Palak stir fry

Saag paneer

Stir fry Saag paneer / Spinach with cottage Cheese

Cook this simple , delicious super quick Saag paneer / Spinach with cottage Cheese recipe. It is a healthy, delicious Spinach /Saag salt and red chili powder recipe. Serve the Saag paneer /  Spinach with cottage dish with roti or parathas.

 

Preparation Time : 1o-15 minutes

Cooking time : 8-12 minutes

Cuisine: Indian, North Indian

Course: Main Course-Veg

Level Of Cooking : Easy

Servings : 4

Ingredients:

  • 750 gms palak saag /spinach , finely chopped
  • 150 gms paneer pieces cottage cheese/ paneer
  • 1/4 tsp Asafetida / hing
  • 1 /2 tsp Red chili powder / or to taste
  • 2/3 tsp level salt / or Salt to taste
  • 2 tbsp Olive oil / or any cooking oil

Method:

Step 1.

Wash well spinach / palak saag and drain it. Chop spinach/ palak saag finely and keep aside.

Step 2.

In a wok / jadahi / heavy bottom pan heat oil , add Asafetida / hing powder sauté until light golden brown.

Step 3.

Add chopped spinach, salt, chili powder , cover and cook on low flame for 8-10 minutes till spinach / palak saag is cooked.

Step 4.

Grate cottage cheese / paneer add it to the spinach / palak saag , mix and cook on low heat for a minute more.

Step 5.

Serve hot with Indian breads of choice !

What is Cottage Cheese/ Paneer?

Cottage cheese (paneer) is a mild flavored cheese curd dairy product that is prepared from loosely packed cow’s milk. It is prepared by allowing milk to curdle and then draining it almost completely. The milk is curdled by adding lemon juice, vinegar or chemical enzymes. Milk goes bad quite often and curdles naturally. In such cases too, people often use the curdled milk to prepare cottage cheese. It is not pressed after draining however, so the curd that is retained is not compact. This curd that is left behind is then washed or rinsed out to get rid of the acidic content that is normally present in curd. The product that is left behind is a sweet curd cheese. Cottage cheese prepared in this manner has a bland and mild taste, making it a great addition to various types of food as it brings out the flavor in other ingredients.

Cottage cheese can be found in different styles and may differ slightly depending on the different types of milk that it may be prepared from, with different fat levels or there may also be some variation because of the method of preparation. Cottage cheese may also be sold as chunks, not in the loosely packed curd form and this kind of cottage cheese is produced by pressing cottage cheese to get rid of all of the whey. Like milk, cottage cheese is a perishable food and should be consumed within a week to ten days of preparation.

Something about paneer: Paneer is a fresh and delicate cottage cheese made from whole milk in India. Paneer is rich in nutrients and making it involves long and complicated procedures.
Cottage cheese can be found in different styles and may differ slightly depending on the different types of milk that it may be prepared from, with different fat levels or there may also be some variation because of the method of preparation. Cottage cheese may also be sold as chunks, not in the loosely packed curd form and this kind of cottage cheese is produced by pressing cottage cheese to get rid of all of the whey. Like milk, cottage cheese is a perishable food and should be consumed within a week to ten days of preparation.

Health Benefits of Cottage Cheese:

Cottage cheese is often thought of as a dieter’s food because of its nutritional profile. It certainly is a healthy food and is often seen as such because of its high protein and calcium content and low fat content. It is also a good source of numerous other nutrients and is extremely easy on the digestive system.

Protein Rich: Cottage cheese is a great source of protein and it’s not surprising that most nutritionists recommend the inclusion of cottage cheese as an important ingredient in almost any vegetarian diet. The exclusion of meat from your diet significantly affects protein intake and increasing cottage cheese consumption is one of the best ways to offset this lack of protein in the diet. Just one cup of cottage cheese (226 gm) will give you 28 gm of protein. This means that it will give you 56% of required daily intake of protein.

Most of us are well aware of the importance of protein, but we often tend to regard it as not entirely necessary. However, this couldn’t be less true. As one of the essential nutrients, protein is absolutely vital for our health and wellbeing. Protein is especially important for bodybuilding, fitness and sports enthusiasts, as protein is essential for muscle growth and repair. It is also extremely important during pregnancy, as protein drives fetal development and brain growth.

Diabetes Friendly: Cottage cheese is low in carbohydrates and high in protein, making it a great addition to any diet for diabetics. It is even listed as a healthy food choice by the American Diabetes Association because the low carbohydrate content and protein dense food ensures that energy is released into the body slowly, without causing any of the spikes in blood sugar levels. This also means that unlike certain high energy foods it doesn’t just give you a sudden burst of energy that peaks and falls just as quickly. While a cup of cottage cheese gives you 28 gm of protein, it contains just 6 gm of carbohydrates.

Satiating: The low-carb and high protein profile of cottage cheese also makes it a great health food for anyone with a weight problem that stems from overeating or from snacking on unhealthy foods. The slow release of energy from this protein dense food ensures that you get adequate energy without the sudden bursts in energy levels characteristic of other high energy foods. This makes it a good addition to your diet as a ‘between meal’ snack to satiate your hunger and prevent you from binging on junk foods.

Skeletal and dental health: Cottage cheese is also an excellent source of calcium making it a healthy food choice for everyone. While problems like osteoporosis that are associated with calcium deficiency or inadequate calcium intake usually set in later in life, calcium intake during childhood and youth has a considerable impact on bone health later in life. Try and include more cottage cheese in your diet, especially if you don’t consume much milk and other milk products.

Weight Loss: Cottage cheese is also a great source of conjugated linoleic acid or CLA. CLA forms when the chemical composition of linoleic acid gets altered by bacteria. There are claims that CLA offers a variety of health benefits such as increasing body metabolism and promoting weight loss, cholesterol lowering effect and cancer risk reduction. Unfortunately, most good sources of CLA like beef, lamb and veal also contain excessive amounts of fat. Butter, another source of CLA is also high in saturated fats. Cottage cheese is therefore a healthier source of CLA, especially if you are a vegetarian.

Keep in mind, that none of these claims about the efficacy of CLA have been substantiated with evidence so far.

 Ref. http://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/health-benefits-of-cottage-cheese.htm

Nick’s kitchen medical Disclaimer:

  • Nick’s kitchen is for Vegetarians. It sometimes provides education and support to individuals who want to become vegetarian, or move toward a more vegetarian diet.
  • Nick’s kitchen provides some information on vegetarian and vegan diets to the best of their knowledge and abilities.
  • Nick’s kitchen does not claim to be health care professional, nutritionist, nor does it claims to treat any illness through vegan or vegetarian diet.
  • If you have a medical condition,Nick’s kitchen recommend that you consult your health care professionals before changing your diet.
  • Any changes that you make to your diet, and the results of those changes, are your decision and your responsibility.

Raw Papaya curry

Raw papaya curyRaw Papaya curry

Hi friends! Green papaya is a powerful fruit full of essential nutrients and enzymes to promote digestive health. Since enzyme levels decline as the fruit ripens, raw papaya is picked when it is still green to retain all of its natural enzymatic qualities.

Raw Papaya curry

Ingredients:

  • 4 Raw papaya small size, cut into medium size pieces
  • ½ cup Grated Coconut
  • 1 medium size Onion , finely chopped
  • 6 cloves Garlic , minced
  • 2 Green Chilies
  • 1/2 tsp Salt / or salt to taste

For Seasoning:

  • 1/2 tsp Mustard Seeds
  • 1 Dry Red Chilies
  • 1/4 tsp asafetida / hing
  • 2 sprigs Curry Leaves
  • 2 tbsp Coconut Oil

 For the marinade:

  • 2 tbsp Curd / yogurt / dahi
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 1/2 tsp red chili powder
  • 1/2 tsp Turmeric powder

Method:

Step 1.
Peel the skin of the papaya, clean from inside, remove seeds and wash well.

Step 2.

Cut the papaya into small pieces. Marinate the pieces in a mixing bowl with salt, turmeric , red chili powder and half cup of whisked curd for 2-3 hours .

Step 3.

Place a pressure cooker on high flame add marinated papaya pieces and half cup of water, close the lid of the pressure cooker. The moment full pressure is formed, switch off the stove. let the cooker cool to room temperature, open the lid and remove the papaya in to a bowl. The papaya is soft and it turns transparent when it is cooked.

Step 4.
Grind the grated coconut, garlic, onion, green chilies with 1/4 cup of water to a very fine paste.Keep aside.

Step 5.
For seasoning heat the oil in a heavy bottom pan. After a minute, lower the heat and add the mustard seeds wait for mustard to crackle, add asafetida, the curry leaves and fry, add the ground coconut masala to the seasoning. Cover and cook for 3-4 minutes. Add steamed papaya to the masala, mix well. Cook for 4-5 minutes on low flame, switch off the stove.

Step 6.

Serve hot with steamed rice or chapattis.

Health Benefits from Green Papaya:

The anti-inflammatory virtue from the papain in papaya greatly reduce inflammation in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout and asthma.

The rich fiber in papaya bind to cancer-causing toxins in the colon and is eliminated from the body during bowel movements.

Papaya is commonly known for its fine and natural laxative virtue which aids digestion. Taken regularly, it can help habitual constipation, bleeding piles and chronic diarrhea.

The three very powerful anti-oxidants in papayas help prevent the oxidation of cholesterol. Oxidized cholesterol forms dangerous plagues that can eventually cause heart attacks or strokes.

Vitamin A available in papaya helps to reduce lung inflammation. So it is useful for active as well as passive smokers.

The papain in unripe papaya is extremely beneficial for those who are deficient in gastric juice, have excess of unhealthy mucus in the stomach, dyspepsia and intestinal irritation.

Consumption of unripe papaya juice help to contract the muscle fibers of the womb, resulting in proper and regular menstrual flow. It is especially helpful in cases of menstruation cessation in young ladies due to cold or trauma.

The juice from unripe papaya is highly beneficial in treating skin disorders like acne and psoriasis. When applied to wounds, it prevents pus formation and swelling. Paste made from unripe papaya when applied to the face, may remove pigmentation or brown spots, and making the skin smooth and delicate. Try it.

Immerse cut ripe papaya in vinegar for a week, then consume twice a day with meals until spleen is normalized.

Drink honey mixed in fresh juice from unripe papaya regularly over inflamed tonsils for diphtheria and other throat disorders. It dissolves the membrane and prevents infection from spreading.

 Ref.http://www.amicusfoods.com/green_papaya.html

Nick’s kitchen medical Disclaimer:

  • Nick’s kitchen is for Vegetarians. It sometimes provides education and support to individuals who want to become vegetarian, or move toward a more vegetarian diet.
  • Nick’s kitchen provides some information on vegetarian and vegan diets to the best of their knowledge and abilities.
  • Nick’s kitchen does not claim to be health care professional, nutritionist, nor does it claims to treat any illness through vegan or vegetarian diet.
  • If you have a medical condition,Nick’s kitchen recommend that you consult your health care professionals before changing your diet.
  • Any changes that you make to your diet, and the results of those changes, are your decision and your responsibility.

 

 

Matara/Dried White peas

Matar white peas

White peas dried / sukha matar/ Matra- No onions no garlic recipe! Light and delicious matra served with warm kulchas is replicated at home!Matar kulcha is one of the popular street food of Delhi.

Cook time: 25 minutes

Course: snacks / brunch

Cuisine: Indian / North Indian

Serves: 6

Ingredients:

for the matar/white peas curry:

  • 1 cup, white peas dried / sukha matar
  • 2 cups water, for pressure cooking the peas
  • 1 tsp cumin seeds
  • ¼ tsp red chili powder
  • 1 tsp cumin seeds powder, roasted and powdered

Masala chutney:

  • 1 tsp cumin seeds
  • 1 tsp fennel seeds/saunf
  • 1/2 cup fresh mint leaves
  • 1/4 tsp of asafetida/hing
  • 1 black cardamom, seeds only
  • 1 tsp dry mango powder/amchur powder
  • 1 red chili
  • 1 1/2 tsp black salt/kala namak
  • 1/2 tsp black pepper powder
  • 1small lemon size tamarind, seedless
  • ¼ cup water for grinding

For garnishing:

  • 1 onion, medium size, finely chopped (Optional, do not use if no onion cooking required)
  • 1 tomato ,medium sized, finely chopped
  • 1 green chili, chopped
  • 1 tbsp ginger, finely grated
  • 1 lemon, small, cut in to small cubes
  • 1 tbsp coriander leaves , finely chopped

Method:

cooking the peas:

Step 1.

Clean, wash and soak the matar / dried white peas overnight.

Step 2.

Put soaked matar / dried white peas in the pressure cooker with 4 cups of water on high flame, the moment pressure is formed, reduce the heat to low flame for fifteen minutes.

Step 3.

Let the pressure cooker cool to room temperature, open the lid and take out the cooked peas in a bowl and keep aside.

preparing Masala chutney:

Step 3.

Grind all the ingredients, cumin seeds, fennel seeds/saunf, fresh mint leaves, of asafetida/hing, cardamom, seeds , dry mango powder/amchur powder, red chili, black salt / kala namak, black pepper powder, and tamarind with water to a smooth paste. keep aside.

preparing white peas curry:

Step 4.

In a pan, heat oil. On a high flame, add the cumin seeds, when it starts crackling remove the pan from stove.

Step 5.

Add the dry spices like chaat masala, roasted cumin powder, amchur powder and red chili powder. Stir and add the cooked matar to these masalas. Place the pan on the stove and heat the matar for 5 minutes, add the prepared masala chutney and mix well. Cook the matar or peas curry till masala is well blended, for about 2 minutes.

Step 6.

Serve hot the matar garnished with coriander leaves,onions, tomato, ginger and chilies squeeze some lemon juice on top and mix lightly with Kulcha.

Dried Peas Health Benefits :

Although dried peas belong to the same family of beans and legumes, they are classified in a separate group due to the preparation. The fully matured pea pods are dried to get dried peas. It is harder and starchier than that of fresh peas and can be readily used when fresh peas are not available. Dried peas are available in yellow, green, and red colors. Health benefits of dried peas are numerous due to their nutritional value.

Dried peas benefits are numerous owing to the presence of essential vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients.

They are packed with dietary fiber and are a good source of nutrients such as proteins, molybdenum, thiamin, folate, potassium, and phosphorus.  Half a cup of cooked dried peas provides:

  • 144 calories
  • 26 g carbohydrates
  • 10 g proteins
  • 10 g dietary fiber
  • 1 g fat
  • 2 mg sodium
  • 0 mg cholesterol
Some of the health benefits are as follows:
  • Since dried peas have high fiber content, they have a cholesterol lowering effect.
  • People with diabetes, hypoglycemia, or insulin resistance problems suffer from irregular glucose metabolism. Dried peas helps to maintain blood sugar levels as it slows down the burning process, thereby providing steady amounts of glucose to the blood.
  • A cup of dried peas provide 65.1% of the daily value of fiber, and the fiber helps to relieve constipation and prevent gastrointestinal disorders.
  • The isoflavones present in dried peas prevents health conditions like prostate and breast cancer.
  • Dried peas are good sources of iron and by eating a quarter cup of peas daily, one can meet 8% of his/her daily iron needs.
  • Other dried peas benefits include the lowering risk of heart disease. The ingredients folate and magnesium present in dried peas help to maintain the level of homocysteine and help to avert heart diseases.
  • Dried peas are rich in magnesium and potassium. The former helps to improve blood flow, and the latter helps to maintain blood pressure, thus lowering the chance of plaque buildup in blood vessels.
  • Sulfites that are commonly used in salads and processed foods cause headache and disorientation. Molybdenum present in dried peas play a vital role in detoxification of sulfites. One can obtain 196% of the daily value of molybdenum by consuming a cup of cooked dried peas.
  • Dried peas are also great protein snack with fiber that helps with weight loss. They will curb hunger pangs by keeping the blood sugar levels under control.

 

Ref. http://www.diethealthclub.com/therapeutic-value-of-different-foods/beans-and-legumes/dried-peas.html

 

 

Mustard seeds

Mustard seeds   mustard-plant    Mustard plants 

Mustard seeds  

Scientific classification

Kingdom:             Plantae

Division:               Magnoliophyta

Class:     Magnoliopsida

Order:   Brassicales

Family: Brassicaceae

Mustard seed:Mustard seeds are the small round seeds of various mustard plants. The seeds are usually about 1 or 2 mm in diameter. Mustard seeds may be colored from yellowish white to black. They are important herbs in many regional foods. Wikipedia

Mustard seeds have been highly prized medicinal as well as spice being in use since earlier times. The seeds are fruit pods obtained from mustard plant in the Brassica family. Some of close members of mustards in this family include cabbage, broccoli, brussels-sprouts, etc. Scientific name: Brassica juncea.

Mustard seeds are native to Asia Minor, but these days cultivated as one of the main commercial crop in Canada, India, China, and temperate climates of European region.

Mustard seeds are winter crops. The plant reaches about 4-5 feet in height and bears golden yellow colored flowers. Its tiny, round seeds measuring about one mm in diameter is encased inside a fruit pod in a similar fashion like green pea pod.

In general, three main varieties of mustard are grown worldwide for use.

White mustard seeds (Brassica alba): The seeds are light straw yellow colored and are slightly larger than the other two varieties. White seeds exhibit mild pungency.

Black mustard seeds (Brassica nigra): The seeds are commonly seen in South Asia. The seeds are sharp and more pungent than other two varieties.

Brown mustard seeds (Brassica juncea): The seeds are native to sub-Himalayan plains of Northern India.

Health benefits of mustard seeds:

  • Generally perceived as health benefiting spice, mustard seeds are indeed very rich in phyto-nutrients, minerals, vitamins and anti-oxidants.
  • Being one of the chiefoil seeds, mustards are indeed very high in calories; 100 g of seeds provide 508 calories. Nonetheless, the seeds are made of quality proteins, essential oils, vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber.
  • The seeds are high inessential oils as well as plant sterols. Some of important sterols include such asbrassicasterol, campesterol, sitosterol, avenasterol and stigmasterol. Some of glucosinolate and fatty acids in the seeds include sinigrin, myrosin, erucic, eicosenoic, oleic, and palmitic acids.
  • Mustard seeds are an excellent source of essentialB-complex vitamins such as folates, niacin,thiamin, riboflavin, pyridoxine (vitaminB-6), pantothenic acid. These vitamins are essential in the sense that body requires them from external sources to replenish. These B-complex groups of vitamins help in enzyme synthesis, nervous system function and regulating body metabolism.
  • 100 g of mustards provide 4.733 mg ofniacin (vitamin B-3). Niacin is a part of nicotinamide co-enzymes, helps lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
  • Mustard seeds contain flavonoid and carotenoid antioxidants such as carotenes, zea-xanthin, and lutein. In addition, the seeds compose a small amount of vitamin anti-oxidants such as vitamin A, C, and vitamin K.
  • The seeds are an excellent source of vitamin E,gamma tocopherol; contain about 19.82 mg per 100 g (about 132% of RDA). Vitamin E is a powerful lipid soluble antioxidant, required for maintaining the integrity of cell membrane of mucus membranes and skin by protecting it from harmful oxygen-free radicals.
  • Mustards are rich source of health benefitingminerals. Calcium, manganese, copper, iron, selenium and zinc are some of the minerals especially concentrated in these seeds. Calcium helps build bone and teeth. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase.Copper is required in the production of red blood cells. Iron is required for the red blood cell formation and cellular metabolism.

See the table below for in depth analysis of nutrients:

Mustard seeds (Brassica juncea),
Nutrition value per 100 g
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)

Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 508 Kcal 25%
Carbohydrates 28.09 g 21%
Protein 26.08 g 46%
Total Fat 36.24 g 121%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 12.2 g 32%
Vitamins
Folates 162 µg 40%
Niacin 4.733 mg 30%
Pantothenic acid 0.810 mg 16%
Pyridoxine 0.397 mg 31%
Riboflavin 0.261 mg 20%
Thiamin 0.805 mg 67%
Vitamin A 31 IU 1%
Vitamin C 7.1 mg 12%
Vitamin E-γ 19.82 mg 132%
Vitamin K 5.4 µg 4%
Electrolytes
Sodium 13 mg 1%
Potassium 738 mg 16%
Minerals
Calcium 266 mg 27%
Copper 0.645 mg 71%
Iron 9.21 mg 115%
Magnesium 370 mg 92%
Manganese 2.448 mg 106%
Selenium 208.1 µg 378%
Zinc 6.08 mg 55%
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-ß 18 µg
Crypto-xanthin-ß 0 µg
Lutein-zeaxanthin 508 µg

Selection and storage

Whole mustard seeds have no smell at all. The hot pungent taste of mustard is released when the seeds are crushed and mixed with water due to activation of enzyme myrosinase. In the spice stores one may find all varieties of whole seeds, ground seeds, pastes and different mustard sauces.

Whole, dry mustards keep well for months at room temperature when stored in cool, dry and humid free conditions. However ground seeds and other preparations of mustards should be kept in tight, air seal containers and placed inside the refrigerator for a prolonged shelf life.

Culinary uses:

Mustards are used extensively in Indian, Pakistani, Bangladesh, Mediterranean and German cooking. Whole seeds, ground or powdered form, prepared pastes, sauces and oil are all used in cooking.

The aroma and pungent flavor of mustards come from the essential oil, sinalbin. This compound releases isothiocyanate chemicals upon enzymatic reaction mediated by myrosinase.

Here are some serving tips:

  • Mustards exude pungent nutty flavor when gently roasted under low flame.
  • Brown as well white mustard seeds are used in pickling with raw mango,bitter gourd, etc, in India.
  • Mustard fish curry, prepared with thin mustard paste,coriander powder,chilies and nigella is popular in Bangladesh and West Bengal in Indian subcontinent.
  • Different kind of mustard seeds uses mustard seeds mixed withherbs, spices, honey, tomato, etc., in many parts of the world.
  • Mustard paste is used in salad dressings, sandwiches, and hot dogs and in mayonnaise.
  • American mustard is prepared with white seeds, vinegar, spices,turmeric and sugar.
  • Mustard oil is used in many North Indian and Pakistani recipes.

Safety profile:

In general mustard seeds and its oil consider being safe for human consumption when used in small amounts. Large quantity of mustard may cause gastric irritation, bleeding from stomach and intestinal mucosa. It may cause skin burn when applied over skin for longer time. Erucic acid in musatrds has been found to have possible genotoxic and carcinogenic effects in laboratory animal studies.
(Medical disclaimer: The information and reference guides in this website are intended solely for the general information for the reader. It is not to be used to diagnose health problems or for treatment purposes. It is not a substitute for medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. Please consult your health care provider for any advice on medications.)

  Ref.http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/mustard-seeds.html

Nick’s kitchen medical Disclaimer:

  • Nick’s kitchen is for Vegetarians. It sometimes provides education and support to individuals who want to become vegetarian, or move toward a more vegetarian diet.
  • Nick’s kitchen provides some information on vegetarian and vegan diets to the best of their knowledge and abilities.
  • Nick’s kitchen does not claim to be health care professional, nutritionist, nor does it claims to treat any illness through vegan or vegetarian diet.
  • If you have a medical condition,Nick’s kitchen recommend that you consult your health care professionals before changing your diet.
  • Any changes that you make to your diet, and the results of those changes, are your decision and your responsibility.

Broccoli Kebabs

Broccoli Kebabs 1Broccoli Kebabs

The health benefits of broccoli are very extensive. Not only is the vegetable loaded with essential nutrients, it also has therapeutic properties.

Hi Friends! My recipe of this appetizer is sure to start your meal on a healthy and delicious note!

Prep Time: 10 minutes

Cook Time: 15 minutes

Course: Appetizers, snack

Cuisine: North Indian

Serves: 4

Ingredients:

  • 500 gms Broccoli, cut into florets,washed
  • 1/2 cup green gram lentil / moong dal dhuli, washed
  • 3 cloves Garlic
  • 1 tsp ginger, finely grated
  • 2 Green Chilies
  • 1 level tsp Salt or / salt to taste
  • 1/2 cup Chickpea Flour / Besan
  • 1/4 tsp Cumin seeds, roasted and Powdered
  • 1 tsp Dry Mango Powder
  • 1 tsp Coriander Powder
  • 1/4 tsp or to taste Red Chili Powder
  • 1 tsp Lemon Juice
  • 2 tbsp Almonds powdered
  • 3 tbsp Gingili / sesame seeds

Method:

Step 1.

Take the broccoli and green gram lentil / moong dal dhuli in a pressure cooker add 1/4 cup water and 1/4 tsp salt. Place the cooker on the high flame, as soon as pressure is formed, switch off the stove. Cool the cooker, open and take out the broccoli, green gram lentil / moong dal dhuli, in a strainer and keep aside.

Step 2.

Mash Broccoli and cooked moong dal well.

Step 3.
In a separate bowl, combine Chickpea Flour, Turmeric Powder, Cumin Powder, Dry Mango Powder, Salt, Coriander Powder and Red Chili Powder, broccoli moong dal mashed and almond powder mix well.

Step 4.
Add lemon juice and mix again. Shape into medium size rounds and pat them flat with your palm.

Step 5.

Roll the kebabs in sesame seeds /gingili seeds . Deep fry the sesame seeds /gingili seeds -studded kebabs on low to medium flame till golden brown .

Step 6.

Serve hot Broccoli kebabs with fresh coriander / mint chutney.

Note:

sesame seeds:  

1    a tropical herbaceous plant, Sesamum indicum, of the East Indies, cultivated, esp. in India, for its small oval seeds: family Pedaliaceae

2    the seeds of this plant, used in flavouring bread and yielding an edible oil (benne oil or gingili),   (Also called)    benne, gingili, til         
(C15: from Latin sesamum, from Greek sesamon, sesame, of Semitic origin; related to Arabic simsim)

Health benefits of Broccoli:

Over recent years researchers all over the world have identified a wide range of therapeutic properties associated with broccoli. So, apart from being a nutritional powerhouse, what other health benefits does broccoli provide?

Research reveals that broccoli can:

Prevent osteoarthritis – a British study revealed that broccoli contains a compound called sulfophane which may help fight osteoarthritis – sulforaphane can block cartilage-destroying enzymes by intercepting a molecule that causes inflammation.

Protect your skin against the effects of UV light – broccoli may help prevent skin cancer, not by eating it though, but by applying it directly to the skin.

Reverse diabetes heart damage – eating broccoli promotes the production of enzymes that help protect heart blood vessels5 and reduce the molecules that damage them.

Reduce cancer risk – eat broccoli just three times each month and you could potentially reduce the chance of developing bladder cancer by around 40 percent, according to experts at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, USA.

Broccoli plant compound detoxifies air pollutants in the body – research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, MD, suggests new benefits of eating broccoli.

Ref. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/266765.php

Nick’s kitchen medical Disclaimer:

  • Nick’s kitchen is for Vegetarians. It sometimes provides education and support to individuals who want to become vegetarian, or move toward a more vegetarian diet.
  • Nick’s kitchen provides some information on vegetarian and vegan diets to the best of their knowledge and abilities.
  • Nick’s kitchen does not claim to be health care professional, nutritionist, nor does it claims to treat any illness through vegan or vegetarian diet.
  • If you have a medical condition,Nick’s kitchen recommend that you consult your health care professionals before changing your diet.
  • Any changes that you make to your diet, and the results of those changes, are your decision and your responsibility.

 

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Methi Theplas

Thepla snack

Methi Theplas

Hi friends! Methi Thepla. Theplas are an inherent part of gujarati meals, and are used for regular meals, travelling and for picnics! eaten with chunda or sweet mango pickle,theplas can be enjoyed hot or otherwise.

Preparation time: 20 minutes

Cooking time: 3 minutes each thepla

Course: snacks

Cuisine: Indian /Gujarat

serves: 12 theplas

Ingredients :

  • 1 cup whole wheat flour/atta
  • 1 cup gram flour/besan
  • 1 cup chopped fresh fenugreek (methi) leaves
  • 1/2 cup curd / yogurt / Dahi, whisked
  • ½ tsp turmeric powder
  • 1 level tbsp coriander seeds, powdered
  • 2/3 tsp red chili powder
  • 1 tsp cumin seeds, roasted and powdered
  • 1 tsp ginger, finely grated
  • 1 tbsp Olive oil , slightly heated
  • 1 tsp salt or / as per taste
  • oil for frying

Method:

Step 1.

In a bowl mix dry whole wheat flour / atta, gram flour /besan, Fenugreek leaves, salt, grated ginger, turmeric, chili powder, coriander powder and hot oil.

Step 2.

Add curd gradually and as required, to knead a soft dough.

Step 3.

keep the dough aside for 30 minutes covered with a damp kitchen towel.

Step 4.

Make small lemon sized balls from the dough.

Step 5.

Roll each ball thinly into 3 ” flat discs. Place the discs one by one, on the heated griddle / tava, when one side is half cooked, flip it .

Step 6.

When flipped side is half cooked, flip it. Apply ½ tsp oil on the cooked side and again flip and cook it apply ½ oil on the other side as well and cook on medium heat.

Step 7.

once the thepla is cooked on both sides to a light golden brown, remove from the griddle / tava.

Step 8.

Fry all the theplas one by one and stack them in a basket or tray.

Step 9.

Serve methi theplas with lime/ green chili pickles or as a healthy snack with Indian masala tea.

Note:

Methi theplas are light as well as healthy enriched with the goodness of Fenugreek leaves can be served with Indian masala tea as a snack!

Instead of curd we can also use milk.

Fenugreek leaves/ Methi leaves:

In the Eastern cultures, especially India, fenugreek leaves are more widely used as compared to seeds primarily due to its immense nutritional benefits. While the seeds of this plant are used for only for the flavour, the leaves have herb nutrition value in them. So, when we talk about the benefits of fenugreek we are particularly referring to its greener parts.

Nutritional Benefits Of Fenugreek: Fenugreek leaves are basically a kind of green leafy vegetables unless you dry them for storage (kasuri methi). So they will give you all the goodness associated with green vegetables.

The fresh leaves of the Methi plant have a slightly bitter under taste and can be cooked just like we cook spinach. It is a very good source of iron. That is why fenugreek, both its seeds and leaves are considered medicinal for curing anemia. In fact, even if you follow standard medicine, patients with low hemoglobin count are usually put on a diet of fenugreek and other vegetables like spinach and lettuce.

Fenugreek has herb nutrition in it. If you crush the fresh leaves of Fenugreek or make a glass of juice out of them, it could be the perfect health drink to control the hormonal level of insulin in the blood. Fenugreek is a kind of similar to bitter gourd when we consider the bitter taste and properties of regulating insulin. It is a must note point for diabetics.

Fenugreek could give competition to Spinach as a rich source of vitamin K. Commonly spinach is the traditional answer to all your vitamin K needs but fenugreek has almost as much or more of this vital nutrient.

It is a very good source of roughage because is basically comprised of leaves. It will fulfill your body’s fibre requirements abundantly. Traditionally methi or fenugreek is supposed to be very beneficial to people who have a persistent problem of constipation.

Surprisingly, fenugreek is also a great source of protein and nicotinic acid. These nutrients lend benefits of fenugreek that are specific to hair. It foster hair growth and is good for the general health and shine of hair.

Inspite of so many benefits people sometimes don’t prefer to eat fenugreek because of its bitterness, especially in the dried form when the concentration of the bitterness increases. The solution is to either eat it fresh or add the dried leaves to foods like dals, curries or mix it or knead the flour to make tasty methi parathas! Either ways the benefits of fenugreek as a nutritional bonanza need to be utilised to the fullest.
Ref. http://www.boldsky.com/health/nutrition/2011/benefits-fenugreek-leaves-130911.html

Nick’s kitchen medical Disclaimer:

  • Nick’s kitchen is for Vegetarians. It sometimes provides education and support to individuals who want to become vegetarian, or move toward a more vegetarian diet.
  • Nick’s kitchen provides some information on vegetarian and vegan diets to the best of their knowledge and abilities.
  • Nick’s kitchen does not claim to be health care professional, nutritionist, nor does it claims to treat any illness through vegan or vegetarian diet.
  • If you have a medical condition,Nick’s kitchen recommend that you consult your health care professionals before changing your diet.
  • Any changes that you make to your diet, and the results of those changes, are your decision and your responsibility.