Semolina flat Bread / Suji Roti
Hindi Name: Suji
Also popularly called as semolina or rava, Suji is made from dried durum wheat. The colour of the Rava depends on the quality of wheat. Semolina is usually yellow in colour when made from Durum wheat. When made from softer wheat types, the colour is white. It is available all-year round.
Name Semolina is derived from the Italian word semola, meaning ‘bran‘. This is derived from the ancient Latin simila, meaning ‘flour‘, itself a borrowing from Greek σεμίδαλις (semidalis), “groats“. The words simila, semidalis, groat, and grain may all have similar proto-Indo-European origins as two Sanskrit terms for wheat, samita and godhuma. Semolina may also be a loan word from the Semitic root smd – to grind into groats (Arabic: سميد samīd).
Chapati (alternately Chapatti, Chappati or Chapathi) is an unleavened flatbread (also known as roti) from India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.ROTI: a round soft flat unleavened bread; also: such a bread It is a common staple in South Asia as well as amongst South Asian expatriates throughout the world. Versions of the dish are also found in Central Asia and the Horn of Africa, with the laobing flatbread serving as a local variation in China. Chapati is known as sapati or doday in the Pashto language.
Alternative names: Roti/Chapatti /Poli
Region or state: South Asia, Central Asia, Horn of Africa, East Africa
Main ingredients: flour
- 1 cup Semolina / Suji/ Rava
- 1/4 cup Milk
- 1 level tsp Salt / or salt to taste
- 1/4 tsp Asafetida / Hing
- 1 tsp Ginger, finely grated
- 1 Green chili , finely chopped
- 1/4 tsp Chili powder
- 1 tsp Coriander /Cilantro leaves, finely chopped
- 1/2 tsp cumin seed / jeera, roasted and powdered
- 1 onion small , Finely chopped
- 4 tsp Olive Oil
Take sooji in a bowl, add 1/4 cup of milk and mix it well. Let it stand for 15 minutes.
Add to the slightly damp Sooji / semolina onions, coriander leaves, cumin powder, Asafetida, salt, cumin powder, ginger, green chilies and make a soft dough adding very little extra water, to bind the suji / Semolina in to a dough so that it can be rolled into balls. (If the mixture is very dry, add gradually little water). Make four equal portions of the dough prepared.
Place a ball of dough on the rolling board , dust it with little flour and pat it with your palm into a thick roti.
Heat a griddle or non stick tawa on medium flame, grease it with a drop of oil. Drizzle few drops of oil along the edges of the roti. Cook on both sides till it turns light golden brown both sides.(it cook fast, so keep an eye on it).
Serve hot this delicious flat bread with freshly made coriander chutney !
Amazing Health Benefits of Semolina:
Semolina is light on the stomach, Browsing through some health information on this wonder grain, I realized it has some stunning health benefits, too!
Here’s a short list of what semolina can do for you:
- Semolina is made from durum wheat, so it is digested slowly. This helps you feel full longer and prevents you from overeating.
- Semolina improves kidney function, thanks to its potassium content.
- Add some chopped nuts and raisins to your semolina porridge, and you increase its nutritional content as well as taste.
- Add some chopped vegetables to savory semolina Upma, and you have a power-packed, as well as delicious, meal in a bowl.
- Semolina is a good source of two vital vitamins: E and the B group. Both, as we know, are essential for good immunity from disease.
- For those who lead an active lifestyle, semolina is a quick and nourishing source of energy.
- The trace minerals in semolina, such as phosphorus, zinc and magnesium, are beneficial for the health of your bones and nervous system.
Of course those with gluten intolerance would need to avoid eating semolina.